La Costa is the long, narrow coastal region that stretches the Pacific coastline from north to south. A variety of Peruvian peppers, or aji, are also commonly used. The native Indian and Spanish roots cultivate the modern Peruvian society, which today accommodates three languages ranging from Spanish, Native Quechua and Aymara. Though the U.S. and Peru cultures differ significantly, there are also some similarities. One of the most important Peruvian cultures was the Inca, who lived in Peru around 600 years ago. In April 2011 Peru signed a free trade agreement with the European Union that is estimated at €500 million in duties alone and will expand markets on both sides, eliminate tariffs in many industries and reduce technical barriers to trade.... ...Peru The earliest inhabitants arrived there about 15,000 years ago. [pic]More Information Architecture The Spanish culture also had an effect upon many of the lasting Inca architectural constructs. Despite its economic disparities, it is a developing country with a high Human Development Index. In the Canas and Titicaca regions, the charango is used in courtship rituals, symbolically invoking mermaids with the instrument to lure the woman to the male performers. The first people groups known to have a presence in Peru are the... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. Its mining industry is the largest in Latin America, accounting for 7,7 billion GBP of its total exports in 2010. Through these events, each of these groups contributed to the diversity of the customs, language, foods, arts and overall Peruvian culture that survives today. The ethnic diversity and rugged geography of Peru allowed diverse traditions and customs to … 3 • LANGUAGE The two official languages of Peru are Spanish and Quechua. •  Peru is the second largest nation in South America. Peru lies on the site of the ancient Inca civilization, a highly skilled empire who ruled for over 300 hundred years until the early 16th century. The country was founded in 1535 by Francisco Pizzaro (www.whodiscoveredit.net). •  Peruvian culture is primarily rooted in Amerindian and Spanish traditions influenced by various African, Asian, and European ethnic groups. “Transculturation is a complicated term with a rich history” (“The Art of Illumination” 1) “It is a concept that embraces time, space, place, culture, nation, and globalization”(“The Art of Illumination” 2), where “new enigmas and heterogeneities arise” (“The Art of Illumination” 2). Peruvian Culture Essay; Peruvian Culture Essay . In researching Peru, I have found many interesting facts and have learned many fascinating things about this country’s deep heritage. Spain invaded in the 16th century and conquered the Incan Empire. PERU- PROFILE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Location Country in west central South America, bounded on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil and Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru's principal religion is Roman Catholicism, as with many other Latin American nations. In fact, the old Inca seat of Cuzco is still perceived as the cultural capital of the country by many. Peru: Breaking Down the Social and Cultural Structure. Although an advantage when the business climate is favourable, Peru’s heavy dependence upon natural resources and agriculture can prove to be an Achilles heel. The best know of these is the central high sierra of the Andes, with its massive peaks, steep canyons, and extraordinary pre- Columbian archaeological sites. Centered at Cuzco, the Incan Empire extended over a vast region from northern Ecuador to central Chile. Culture and Society. What’s more the country lacks vital infrastructure such as high quality roadways, bridges and flight routes. Gold and silver from the Andes enriched the conquerors, and Peru became the principal source of Spanish wealth and power in South America. The United States Government has this to say about the Peruvian history, “When the Spanish landed in 1531, Peru's territory was the nucleus of the highly developed Inca civilization. Peruvian music is an amalgamation of sounds and styles drawing on the Peru’s Andean musical roots and Spanish musical influences. Volatile commodity prices and low productivity and fragmented land ownership in agriculture makes the economy susceptible to economic fluctuations. 344 Words 2 Pages. your own paper. Here you can find some of the world’s highest mountains, like the Huascaran and the Yerupaja (Flores). A little smaller than Alaska, Peru has coastal deserts so dry that no one there has ever recorded rain. Strengths: Many popular cultural and historic sites are located in remote villages, therefore it is often a long voyage to arrive at these sites. You can get your custom paper from This is especially true if you decide that it makes for a good beach hat while sunbathing … Westward, into or over the Andes Mountains, are extreme separation in culture and value. Peru s independence day is July 28 It is located in South America bordering 5 countries. Peru is one of the most bio-diverse countries in the world and contains a wealth of major extractive resources. These new foods aided in developing Peru’s reputation for great dishes. Letztere wird übrigens immer am 24. Class also plays a significant role in the social structure, superimposing itself upon the skewed racial hierarchy of the country. Even their legends do not predate 1200 ce, with the supposed arrival in Cuzco of the first emperor, Manco Capac. Art in Peru has been an important part of its culture for thousands of years dating back to pre-Inca times. Spanish conquest also brought over animals such as chickens and lambs, adding to the Peruvian diet. Alongside the country of Peru is a true wonder. Indeed, most especially in the time of the Incan kingdom's rule, this was a context where spirituality marked all aspects of Peruvian daily life. Good Friday, Easter, and Christmas are important holidays in Peru. In Peru… Geographicaly, Peru is divided into three main parts; La Costa, La Sierra and La Selva. The oceans are so chilled from the Arctic surfers should forget, mountains so new that they're still growing, earthquake activity so frequent that buildings never exceed a few stories, glaciers so near the equator that they're called "tropical" and jungles so dense that only rivers have access. While simple, these elements of culture can present challenges for people, who are not from that culture. In 2010 its exports reached some 23 billion GBP, which was mainly made out of minerals, petroleum and agricultural products. Essay, Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay, Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself, Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay, Do not copy and paste free to download essays. However, he did not only liberate Peru. In more recent years, poetry has become very popular in the area, producing world-renowned writers including Cesar Vallejo. Peru is recognized as the heart of the Incan Empire; however, it is also home to many other diverse indigenous tribes before the Incans became a presence. pic]Llama Information [pic]Alpaca Information [pic]Vicuna Information [pic]Guanaco Information [pic]Paso Horse Information Peru Today Peruvian society today functions on an informal economy mostly focused upon street trading for goods. The charango is a type of mandolin, and was invented in Bolivia by musicians imitating Spanish lutes and guitars. The Indigenous peoples of Peru have shown great resiliency through centuries of Spanish colonization. In search of Inca wealth, the Spanish conqueror Francisco Pizarro, who arrived in the territory after the Incas had fought a debilitating civil war, conquered the weakened people. Peruvian art skills range from making pottery to the geometrical design of weaving. I. In this way, it is important to compare and contrast the United States and Peru cultures in terms of language, behaviors, customs/symbols, and even material objects. Peru’s art merges with those of the Spaniards, therefore creating a diverse Spanish culture. Peru’s high Andes are the land of the Incas; the Incas were the native South American people that once ruled one of the largest and richest empires. (fig. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. 3184 Words 13 Pages. The traditions of all of these groups of people have come together to create one shared culture and background among the people of Peru. 4524 Words ; 19 Pages; Peru. INTRODUCTION Peru does not recognize any official form of caste system but in fact its treatment of the indigenous population can be seen in many ways as an implicit caste arrangement. Peru celebrates their independence, just like the United States. •  According to the 2007 census, 81.3% of the population are Catholics, 12.5% are Evangelical, and the rest are other religions or non religious. The viceroyalty established at Lima in 1542 initially had jurisdiction over all of the Spanish colonies in South America. Peru is a country with a lot of potential when it comes to the business world, in this document I hope to show that. Peru's territory is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia on the north, Brazil and Bolivia to the east, and finally Chile and Bolivia to the south and to the west lies the Pacific Ocean. Eventually, the Peruvians … Many streets and school bear his name, for he assisted significantly in freeing Peru from Spanish grasp. It isn't completely dry, though. •  According to the 2007 census, the population of Peru is estimated at 29.5 million. Their empire covered much of present-day Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Chile and parts of Columbia and Argentina. For example, most cultures across the Middle East value extremely modest dressing, particularly for women. In Peru's racial hierarchy, very much a remnant of its colonial past, whites occupy the highest rung of the ladder while the rest of the population clings to the lowest part depending on their skin color and implied cultural status. Fiesta Patrias, which takes place on July 28th, and 29, honors Simon Bolivar as a national hero. Societies emerged on the west coast more than 5,000 years ago and began to spread inland. According to the CIA World Factbook, forty-five percent of the total population, nearly 14 million people, are indigenous to Peru (World Factbook). Essays on Culture and Society. The Quechua and the Aymara are the two main native cultures of Peru, both of whom speak their native languages. This can be seen in the cultural dimensions discussed and analyzed throughout this research, including politics, religion, and education. With Spanish conquest, string instruments were also introduced to the area which contributed to the further development of the arts in Peru. Essays on Peru. The Peruvians pride themselves in their diversity and they work hard to sustain their cultural practices, some which date back 1000 years before the Incas. Facts About Peru. Cultural Differences: Peru vs. United States Posted: September 11, 2017 by: Molly Krifka 1 0 0 Several of our staff at Kuoda Travel hail from countries of the western world where structure in day-to-day life is commonplace and something you can count on. Cultural differences, geography, and government are the root of the cultural clashes of Peru and America, despite this there are similarities between the two countries that is parallel to one another. Several trade agreements also have contributed to this expansion such as: Native Peruvian music is dominated by the national instrument, the charango. The diversity, color, and creativity of the art create Peru’s cultural identity. 2 %. The Republic of Peru, (Spanish: República del Perú), or Peru, is a country located on the western edge of South America. Until th… The Historical and Contemporary Role of Women in Ecuadorian Society; Liberation Theology in Latin America; Third Cinema in Argentina; Brazilian Samba’s Translation and Dialogue with International Dancesport; History of the Literary Movement in Peru; Latin America at the Movies Peru is a country blessed with natural resources. (2017, Feb 17). The modern Peruvian culture is a result of initial interbreeding between the Andean civilization, the Spanish cultural tradition and African culture. Average temperatures decrease about 1.7-Celsius degrees with 450-m increase in elevation. * For the first half of the decade, Peru’s volume of trade increased by 172.5 percent, from US$14,324 to US$39,036 million, which increased the Peruvian economy and made Peru a more attractive country for investment. It is semi-arid, some parts are extremely dry and rain fall is very low in this area. Peru hat etwa 28 Millionen Einwohner, von denen über ein Drittel im Ballungsgroßraum der Hauptstadt Lima lebt. Eventually, the Peruvians gained independence by defeating Spanish forces in the 1820’s. Peru represents a unique lifestyle that incorporates the rich historical influences of numerous cultures around the world. Pizarro founded Lima in 1535. *Despite a fairly low unemployment rate of 7,9%, the underemployment rate is above 40%, which causes similar effects. Peru. Historically, Peru was also an origin of cultivation and one of the early cradles of human civilization on the... ...Peru These Inca descendants have successfully preserved and developed their proud cultures despite the creeping in of globalization. Music Music was very prevalent in the Incan society and still carries much importance. 1) Machu Picchu is the site of an ancient Inca city, high in the Andes of Peru. Satisfactory Essays. •  The main language spoken in Peru is Spanish and a significant amount of people speak Quechua. Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/culture-peru/, This is just a sample. Culture Peru – Quechua Language. In Peru you can find anything from steaming jungles to creeping glaciers, Peru, hugging South America's west coast, wraps its borders around dramatically varied geography with elicits varied cultures. Still widely spoken throughout the Andes, it was made an official language by the military government that controlled the country from 1968 to 1975. * Over the past 10 years, Peru has experienced great political change following the impeachment of President Alberto Fujimori in late 2000, on accounts of bribery and corruption. The attraction of Peru also lies in the impressive sites it has to offer including the Andes Mountains, Machu Picchu, and the desert along the coast of the country. Some facts….. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Most notable of all Peru posses a very distinctive culture because of the combination of the Peruvian social structure, family conquest, inter … * PEST ANALYSIS: PERU Culture ...This research document is a general over view of Peru with emphasis on Politics, Economy, Social, and Technology of the country. In case you can’t find a sample example, our professional writers are ready to help you with writing The latter introduction tells us the main points in Peru’s cultural analysis. Peru is located in the tropics near the equator; Peru's weather is not what you'd expect. •  Peru is a multiethnic country. The absolute location of Peru is 10 degrees south and 76 degrees west. These included the Chavín, the Moche, and the Nasca. Religious objects such as Spanish colonial cathedrals and crosses can be seen in Lima and other cities and provinces in... ...Peru Peru, a cultural epicenter with healthy government control, is the country it is today because of the historical movements and transculturation experienced dated back to before Peru became a country. Other particulars to Peru such as Pato horses are quite special. Another aspect creating Peru’s culture is its art of music and dances. ), 31 % Mestizen und 11 % Weiße. This guarantees Peru permanent preferential access to the United States market, consolidating investment policy and opening economic activities to investors and professional experts as well as establishing a judicial mechanism for settling trade disputes between the two countries. For example before the highway between Cusco and Puno was built, the only way to travel between the two was by train. Understanding Indigenous Cultures Natalia Patino Cory Rivero Tiffany Taylor Barbara Thompson Aneesa Wasserman GEO3421 FALL 2014 October 24th, 2014 Introduction An indigenous culture is a group of people that describe themselves as a tribe. GEO 102 •  Peruvians are very religious. Chapter 14. During the Colonial Period, transculturation used transformative influence and the interaction of various cultures on each other to create hegemony, that is, the idea of oneness. And as with so many other Latin American countries, high unemployment* threatens the economic and political stability, which in turn affects investor confidence. Peru Policy . Peru celebrates their independence, just like the United States. "You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy", Don't use plagiarized sources. Even though it is mainly desertic, many rivers from the Andes flow through the region towards the Pacific, creating … Peru is one of the most bio-diverse countries in the world and contains a wealth of major extractive resources. Crops such as cotton, beans, squash and chili peppers were planted around 4000 BC; later, advanced cultures such as the Chavín introduced weaving, agriculture and religion to the country. Most of the accounts agree on 13 emperors (see pre-Columbian civilizations: The Inca). Culture/ Art The modern Peruvian culture is a result of initial interbreeding between the Andean civilization, the Spanish cultural tradition and African culture. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. Most Peruvians are Roman Catholic, but some are members of other Christian faiths. On a trip through Peru you might find hot deserts, dry forests, humid savannas, plain rainforests, cold plateaus, cool steppes and icy mountains. Peru is popular as the center of the Inca Empire, but it was a home to the majority diverse indigenous cultures long before the Inca came in. Peru 6 Pages. Peru’s Sierra Mountains covers across an area the size of Rhode Island. Peru’s culture is so intertwined with religion that it is impossible to experience one without the other. Some facts…… Like Old World peoples, and unlike other aboriginal Americans, the Inca recounted their history by kingly reigns. Peru is a country in South America with unique culture that anyone visiting there would be glad to learn and understand. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, literature, music and cuisine. Quechua was used by the Incas in their time and is now recognized as an official language of the country, along with Spanish. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak different native languages, the most widespread being Southern Quechua. The climate is also favourable for agriculture, representing 13% of GDP, and employing 30% of the population. The... ...SWOT analysis These may be world famous and help you get more clicks on your Facebook travel pics but don’t be surprised if you get a few stares from the locals. 127 . Cuisine. Wildlife The animals of Peru are intertwined with the culture and the people of this land. All you need to do is fill out a short form and submit an order. Fiesta Patrias, which takes place on July 28th, and 29, honors Simon Bolivar as a national hero. By the time of the wars of independence (1820-24), Lima had become one of the most distinguished and aristocratic colonial capitals and the chief Spanish stronghold in... ...6930 The considerable divide … As defined by the Merriam Webster Dictionary, “transculturation is a process of cultural transformation marked by the influx of new culture elements and the loss or alteration of existing ones”. After the conquest, the Europeans built upon some of these structures creating the Creole style of architecture, or a blending of the Spanish and native influence. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. These meats have become staples in many Peruvian dishes along with rice, potatoes, and fish. Show More. 2009 Peru-United States Trade Promotion Agreement. Overview Peru is wonderful place to be, with the beautiful beaches and very blue water. This man was … Natural Lodges Literature The first writing of the Peruvian culture dates to the 16th century, after the Spanish conquest. * October 3, 2011 The Inca civilization eventually fell to Spanish conquest which then introduced European influences to the area as well. Not to mention the various waves of immigrants through the practice of shamanism. •  Peru is divided into 25 regions Peru has been adding roadways to create more means of accessing landmarks to increase the tourist potential. Die Bevölkerung teilt sich wie folgt auf: Rund 54 % der Einwohner sind Indígenas (Quetchua, Aymara), ca. Many buildings have survived, particularly in the center of the capital, Lima. our expert writers, Please indicate where to send you the sample, Hi, my name is Jenn Peru is South America's third largest country. On Earth you can find a total of 32 kinds of climate and Peru has 28 of them. This essay will discuss three aspects of Peru's culture that would hopefully encourage you go there. * The concept of transculturation is fundamental in the history and current state of most Latin America Countries. Page 1 of 50 - About 500 essays. Around 300 BC, the Chavín inexplicably disappeared, but over the centuries several other cultures … Within this country, however, isolated geographic regions have allowed some specific customs to remain alive with less influence from outside sources. Having the second largest indigenous population in North and South America, Peru has inconsistencies in the poverty divide between urban and rural communities (World Health Organization). The Inca civilization eventually fell to Spanish conquest which then introduced European influences to the area as well. Some facts…… The main spoken language … Peru lies on the site of the ancient Inca civilization, a highly skilled empire who ruled for over 300 hundred years until the early 16th century. The oldest site, Pikimachay cave, dates from 12,000 BC. Peruvian culture is a beautiful mix of Hispanic and native traditions. •  •  •  •  Peru is officially the Republic of Peru The capital of Peru is Lima. Weaknesses: The Andes are still one of the world's most unstable mountain ranges, with frequent earthquakes, landslides, and flash floods. Die Minderheiten bilden Schwarze, Chinesen und Japaner mit ca. This man was … •  Peruvian artistic traditions include pottery, textiles, jewelry, and sculptures, and architecture. Auch der Glaube an Pachama und die Sonne zieht sich durch die Kultur Perus. Free Peru Essays and Papers. Peru is a country rich in cultural heritage. Peru can be divided into three major regions, Costa (Coast) - the 3,079-kilometer (1,900 mile) Pacific Coastline; Sierra (Andes) - the central Andean Highlands; Selva (Amazon Basin) — the remote eastern vastness of the Amazonian jungle. * Peru has a complex geography dominated by the high and rugged Andes and the Pacific currents, which create climates and landscapes as widely varied as the desert coast, the highlands of Andes, and the Amazon rainforest.